Apiary Placement And Hive Placement

Apiary Placement

A. The apiary should be placed away from property lines. You don’t want it to cause problems with the
neighbors.
B. Out in the country, you may want it midway of a hill. You might want a natural windbreak. You might want
natural screening to block it from view.
C. In town, you have to be more considerate of neighbors. You might need to place the hives next to a tall solid
fence or hedge to get the bees to fly up over the neighbors. They could also be next to a building to accomplish
this. You don’t want a flight path to be across a walk.
D. You probably want it away from pets and work areas.
E. Convenient access, good forage area. Not in your way, safety for people and pets, not where livestock could
knock over hives.

Individual Hive Placement

A. You need to put the hive on a sturdy stand, concrete blocks, wooden stand or metal stand. Good to get it off
the ground a little for ventilation and to help keep skunks from bothering the bees.
B. You might want some light shade or morning sun and some afternoon shade.
C. Facing the hive to the southeast might help them get going earlier in the morning.
D. Some say full sun helps with pests: small hive beetle, etc. Not good for the beekeeper.
E. You might want to stay on heavy clay soil to help in small Hive Beetle control. It is easier for the larvae to
burrow down in sandy soil to pupate.
F. If you use solid bottom boards you definitely want a little forward tilt of the hive to keep rain water from
running and collecting on the hive bottom. I use a little tilt even with screen bottom boards. Screened bottoms
are used to help in Varroa mite control and ventilation.
The main tip I can give those that have bees now is to keep an eye towards the food supply. Some may have
consumed more honey since it has been a mild winter. They can starve in February and March, when they go to raising brood. Feeding fondant or dry sugar via the “mountain camp method” can save them.

Terry Woodard

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